Chapter 5 Renaissance and Reformation
It is logical that the Renaissance began in Italy because Italy ______
A) had avoided the economic crisis of the late Middle Ages.
B) was in close contact through trade with the Byzantine Empire.
C) was filled with artifacts of the ancient world.
D) all of the above
Among the important societal changes of the period in Italy was the ______
A) appearance of fiery preachers like Savonarola.
B) rise in importance of wealthy merchants and bankers.
C) books that advised people on the ideals of good behavior.
D) increased production of textiles and luxury goods.
The unique characteristics of Renaissance art included ______
B) using women as models.
C) free-standing statues.
D) the use of bright colors.
Unlike in Italy, the Renaissance in northern Europe ______
A) did not affect the Roman Catholic Church.
B) was limited to architecture.
C) had a more religious tone.
D) did not focus on perspective.
Martin Luther protested the sale of indulgences, which were ______
A) appointments to a Church office.
B) certificates to reduce or cancel one's sins.
C) opportunities to participate in a service.
D) certificates that promised salvation.
A church-run state is called a(n) ______
Anglicanism is ______
A) a Puritan form of Protestantism.
B) the religion Charles V imposed on England.
C) the form of Catholicism practiced by Queen Mary.
D) a blend of Protestant belief and Catholic practice.
The Council of Trent agreed on ______
A) an end to the Inquisition.
B) the founding of the Society of Jesus, known as the Jesuits.
C) the Catholic Reformation.
D) sovereigns having the right to choose their subjects' religion.
Compared to Renaissance art, the baroque style of art and architecture was ______
A) more complex and emotional.
B) only about mythological subjects.
C) simpler and more restrained.
D) more like Greek and Roman art.
What circumstances led to the bitter fighting between the minority French Protestants, or Huguenots, and the Catholic majority?
A) the seizure of Church lands by the Huguenots
B) a struggle for the monarchy
C) the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre
D) the Peace of Augsburg