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Chapter 5: Matter in Solution

Practice Test
      
  1.How do concentrated solutions differ from dilute solutions?  
  a.   Concentrated solutions contain more solute in a solvent than equal amounts of dilute solution.  
  b.   Concentrated solutions contain less solute in a solvent than equal amounts of dilute solution.  
  c.   Concentrated solutions contain more solvent than a dilute solution.  
  d.   Concentrated solutions contain more solution than a dilute solution.  
  Hint    
      
  2.Which drink probably contains the most particles?  
  a.   a drink that contains 10 percent juice  
  b.   a drink that contains 90 percent juice  
  c.   a drink that contains 90 percent water  
  d.   a drink that contains 100 percent water  
  Hint    
      
  3.Which of the following best describes sea water as a solution?  
  a.   The solvent is water and the solute is sodium chloride.  
  b.   The solute is water and the solvent is sodium chloride.  
  c.   The solvent is salt and the solute is water and sodium.  
  d.   The solvent is sea water and the solute is water and sodium.  
  Hint    
      
  4.What happens to the amount of oxygen dissolved in the ocean's surface as the water is warmed by Earth's atmosphere?  
  a.   The amount of oxygen in the water remains unchanged.  
  b.   The amount of oxygen in the water increases.  
  c.   The amount of oxygen in the water decreases.  
  d.   Fish in the water need oxygen to survive.  
  Hint    
      
  5.How is a colloid different than a suspension?  
  a.   Particles are homogeneous in a colloid, but heterogeneous in a suspension.  
  b.   Particles will scatter light in a suspension, but not in a colloid.  
  c.   Colloids are solutions, suspensions are not.  
  d.   Suspensions can be separated using filter paper, colloids can not.  
  Hint    
      
  6.Which of the following is an example of a colloid?  
  a.   vinegar  
  b.   water  
  c.   milk  
  d.   muddy water  
  Hint    
      
  7.What is Richard Zsigmondy credited with inventing?  
  a.   colloids  
  b.   colored glass  
  c.   the ultramicroscope  
  d.   filter paper  
  Hint    
      
  8.What is a term used to describe a mixture of tiny particles that are evenly mixed and do not settle out?  
  a.   solvent  
  b.   solution  
  c.   solute  
  d.   sea water  
  Hint    
      
  9.Which of the following is an example of a suspension?  
  a.   fog  
  b.   sea water  
  c.   milk  
  d.   muddy water  
  Hint    
      
  10.The term used to describe the amount of a substance that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent is __________.  
  a.   absorbency  
  b.   solvency  
  c.   solubility  
  d.   solution  
  Hint    

 
   
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