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Chapter 5: Matter in Solution

Practice Test
  1.What happens when more solute is added to a saturated solution?  
  a.   The solution becomes unsaturated.  
  b.   The solution has to make more room for particles.  
  c.   There is less room for the particles in the solution.  
  d.   No more solute can dissolve.  
  2.What is Richard Zsigmondy credited with inventing?  
  a.   colloids  
  b.   colored glass  
  c.   the ultramicroscope  
  d.   filter paper  
  3.How do shaking and stirring affect dissolution rate?  
  a.   The dissolution rate increases.  
  b.   The dissolution rate decreases.  
  c.   The dissolution rate is unaffected by shaking and stirring.  
  d.   The rate increases for dissolving and solid in a liquid, but decreases for dissolving a gas in a liquid.  
  4.Which of the following best describes sea water as a solution?  
  a.   The solvent is water and the solute is sodium chloride.  
  b.   The solute is water and the solvent is sodium chloride.  
  c.   The solvent is salt and the solute is water and sodium.  
  d.   The solvent is sea water and the solute is water and sodium.  
  5.Which of the following correctly describes a solute and a solvent?  
  a.   A solute dissolves a solvent.  
  b.   A solute is dissolved in a solvent.  
  c.   A solvent is dissolved in a solute.  
  d.   All of the above  
  6.Which of the following statements about suspensions is correct?  
  a.   The particles in a suspension will not scatter light.  
  b.   The particles in a suspension settle upon standing.  
  c.   The particles in a suspension are homogeneous.  
  d.   All of the above  
  7.Which drink probably contains the most particles?  
  a.   a drink that contains 10 percent juice  
  b.   a drink that contains 90 percent juice  
  c.   a drink that contains 90 percent water  
  d.   a drink that contains 100 percent water  
  8.How is a colloid different than a suspension?  
  a.   Particles are homogeneous in a colloid, but heterogeneous in a suspension.  
  b.   Particles will scatter light in a suspension, but not in a colloid.  
  c.   Colloids are solutions, suspensions are not.  
  d.   Suspensions can be separated using filter paper, colloids can not.  
  9.The term used to describe the amount of a substance that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent is __________.  
  a.   absorbency  
  b.   solvency  
  c.   solubility  
  d.   solution  
  10.What is a term used to describe a mixture of tiny particles that are evenly mixed and do not settle out?  
  a.   solvent  
  b.   solution  
  c.   solute  
  d.   sea water  

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